Trekking to the remote Himalayan region of Upper Mustang is the most adventurous and beautiful trekking experience. With the incredible landscape, ancient Tibetan culture, breathtaking sceneries, and wonderful Himalayan panoramas make this trip one of the iconic trekking destinations in Nepal.

Exceptionally less explored but a superbly wonderful region, Upper Mustang is a region that simply overwhelms travelers with its magnificent simplicity.

Mustang Chaitayas and Gompas

Upper Mustang Trekking was closed to foreigners until 1992. Even today the access to the non-Nepalis travelers is highly restricted. For entering the Upper Mustang, that is to travel further North of Kagbeni, travelers need to acquire special trekking permits. Besides the permits, a non-Nepali traveler must be accompanied by a government-appointed official.

Being Isolated from the world for centuries, trekking through this region is truly the best opportunity to explore the untouched Tibetan Culture and virgin landscape. As it was off-limit to foreign travelers, this region is also known as “The Last Forbidden Kingdom.”

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Where is Mustang Located?

Traditional culture, high altitude desert, ancient caves, deep gorges, and dramatic landscape are the major attraction of the last forbidden kingdom.

Mustang is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. This region is the ancient Himalayan Kingdom lying in the northern central part of Nepal, above the Kali Gandaki river. More precisely, Mustang lies in Dhaulagiri and the edge of the Tibetan plateau.

The independent Kingdom was founded in 1380 by Ame Pal. It was annexed by Nepal in the 18th century. In 1950 the former Kingdom of Lo officially declared part of Nepal. This region spreads southward direction to Nepal.

Kaligandaki River Valley

Best Time of Year for Upper Mustang Trek Journey

Upper Mustang lies in the Himalayan rain shadows, making it the driest region of Nepal. Even at the time of monsoon, the mustang valley is quite dry with only occasional rainfall. Being one of the driest regions, this region is accessible throughout the year for trekking.

Although this region is accessible throughout the year, the Summer season (May to Late August) is considered to be the best time to visit the most beautiful valley of Upper Mustang. During this time of year, the weather is stable, giving you access to the incredible landscape and mountain views. Traveling this reason at the time of May will also be an opportunity to witness an ancient three days festival, Teiji Festival, which is celebrated in the walled city of Lo Manthang.

Trekking in Upper Mustang

In the cold winter season, trekking is not particularly difficult. However, the weather condition at this time can be arduous, giving you a quite hard time to travel. The temperature of Lo Manthang in winter falls below – 20 ° C, Only a few people stay to take care of animals & village. For the best traveling experience, it is better to avoid the cold winter season because of the harsh weather conditions.

History of Teiji Festival

Festival is the 3 days ritual known as “The Chasing of the Demon” which is based on the Myth. As per the legend, it is said that a deity named Dorje Jono who battle against his demon father to save the kingdom from destruction. As per the myth, the demon father wreaked havoc on Mustang and created a water shortage in this region.

tiji festival rituals at lo mangthang

As the mustang valleys lie in the shadows of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri Massif because of which this region is dry land, and water is the most essential commodity for all people and animals residing in this region.

As the demon father created a water shortage, causing many resulting disasters from famine to animal loss. So as to uplift this curse and cruality, Dorje Jono battled his demon father, defeated and then banished him from the land. This “Chasing of the Demons” is the Tiji festival, a celebration and reaffirmation of the myth through dances and religious ceremonies.

This “Chasing of the Demons” is the Tiji festival, a celebration and reaffirmation of the myth through dances and religious ceremonies.

Singing and Dancing During Tiji Festival

In the Year 2020, Tiji Festival starts from 19th May 2020 and Ends on 21st May 2020

The dates of the Tiji festival is based on the Tibetan Calendar and changes every year. The dates for the celebration of the Tiji festival is decided by the monk based upon the Tibetan Lunar calendar. But this festival usually occurs in mid-May to late June. Experiencing this ancient festival will be once in a lifetime experience, and we assure you that you will never forget.

5 Amazing Facts About Mustang

Every single trekker who visited this beautiful valley has fallen in Love with Mustang Nepal. Hiking in the land beyond the mountain will bless you with vivid natural scenery, beautiful Himalayas and awe-inspiring natural topography.

Being isolated for so long, traveling this part of Nepal, is once in a lifetime opportunity to experience the ancient Tibetan culture. Apart from the natural beauty and ancient civilization, Mustang is also famous for the apple farm and the famous Thakali food.

Below are some amazing facts about mustang:

Natural Beauty

Natural Vegetation of Mustag Valley

Located in the northernmost part of Nepal, Mustang is blessed with the wide range of Natural vegetation. Tropical alpine and coniferous forest occupies a small part of Mustang. However, the mustang main attractive part of the Mustang is the apple fields and rhododendron forest. These two things have uplifted the beauty to the whole different level. The beautiful apple fields and rhododendron forest swiped the entire hillsides with pink and red.

Desert Vegetation around the Himalayas

beautiful valley of mustang

As mustang lies on the shadows of Annapurna and Nilgiri range, the topography of this region mirrors the desert vegetation. Cold desiccating winds, a short growing season, low precipitation and cold air temperatures limit the standing biomass produced from the steppe vegetation.

It’s high altitude and its proximity to the Tibetian plateau enables the heavy wind to blow throughout the day. However, the rocky highlands make the location suitable for rock climbing.

Adventurous Sports

Adventurous Sports in Nepal

With the mix of valleys and terrains, the mustang is the best place for adventurous sports. Various sports like cycling, rock climbing, trekking, horse racing, and riding can be done in the hidden valleys of Mustang. Because of its geographical structure, Mustang consist of high lands, low lands, and plains making it the best suitable place for mountain cycling and horse riding.

Deepest Gorge

Deepest Gorge of World Kali Gandaki

The strong currents of the Kali Gandaki River that originate from Mustang carved the Dana Gorge, which is the deepest gorge in the world. The river drains the rocky soil and highlands of Mustang, and flow towards the south of the country. This gorge is another major attraction in Nepal.

Beautiful Valleys

Amazing perspective of himalayas seen from the mustang

Apart from the tranquil sceneries and ancient culture, Mustang has several picturesque valleys such as Jomsom, Kagbeni, Lo Manthang.

Permits, cost and how to acquire them:

Tiji Festival Trek is a restricted area trekking, so a special trekking permit i.e. restricted area permit is required to do the trekking in this locale. This permit is issued by the Nepal Immigration Office. Besides the restricted area permit; you will also need ACAP and MCAP permit for the trekking. In order to acquire the permit, a minimum of two trekkers is mandatory.

For experiencing the Tiji Festival permits are quite expensive. The Restricted Area trek permit of Upper Mustang will cost you 500 USD. You also require the Annapurna Conservation Area permit which will cost 20 USD.