Everest Base Camp Trek Guide for Beginners | Novice Backpackers Guide to EBC

  • Last Updated on Nov 29, 2022

Have you ever wondered what it’s like to hike to the foothills of the most spectacular Himalayas on the Planet, Everest Base camp?

Maybe it has been a few years or a few decades since you have been dreaming about Mount Everest Base Camp Trekking. Tour around the most highlighted area of Nepal, Everest Base Camp, retraces the path followed by the dreamers, Like Tenzing Norway and Sir Edmund Hillary, who once took this path to conquer the elevation of the mighty Mount Everest elevated at an elevation of 8848 meters above the sea level.

Why should you consider the Everest Base Camp trek in 2023?

Trekking in the Khumbu (region) takes you on an adventure through the valleys of Sagarmatha National Park all the way up to the base of the planet's highest peak. Roaming through the tails to Everest Base Camp requires a certain level of determination, desire, and strength to engulf yourself in the true beauty of nature and the cultural diversity of the Khumbu Region.

Hiking in the wilderness of the Khumbu Region while exploring the culture of our mountaineering heroes, Sherpa, experiencing the tranquility of Nature, meditating at the Gompa, and reaching the Base Camp to catch the glimpse of the magnificent Himalayas of the Planet, Mount Everest, are some of the major highlights of Mount Everest Base Camp Trekking.

The climb to the planet's featured spot is loaded up with ponders. As your climb rises the path opens up into the vigorously elevated domain of the Sherpa people. Known as the mountaineering legends, these individuals’ lifestyles, customs, and cultures are intertwined so close with Mt. Everest; that you cannot isolate them separately while you consider climbing the Everest Base Camp.

Many wonders await you on the trip to the Mount Everest Base camp, but what if you are a novice backpacker? Perhaps you have done some restrictive road trips, yet never attempted for the time being to remain in the backwoods or even never climbed to the rise more than 4000 meters. You may be in a dilemma about whether to go or not for such an incredible journey to the laps of the Himalayas. It’s a very good question to ask yourself whether you are ready to take the challenge thrown while hiking in the shadows of the Himalayas as the trails challenge your determination and strength. Disregarding the difficulty tossed upon you by the path; the reward is genuinely exceptional to anything you have ever experienced. Prior to the actual trekking days, there are a few considerations to make while deciding whether you are ready for the journey once in a lifetime and we at Himalayan Scenery Treks and Expedition will embrace this duty to guide you through the process of deciding the trip if you are a beginner backpackers and trekkers.

To scale the base of Mount Everest, the first thing you require to know is what can you expect from the standard Everest Base camp trekking, once you hit the trails.


Table of Contents

Quick Overview of Everest Base Camp Trekking

With a long history, magnificent culture, rich natural scenarios, a wide variety of flora and fauna, the kingdom of the Himalayas, and incredible people and hospitality, Everest Base Camp Trekking is a trip worth doing once in your lifetime.

Kathmandu to Everest Base Camp Trek 2021

Prayer Flag and Stone Marking at Base Camp

Here is a Quick fact about Everest Region.

  • Headquarters: Solukhumbu

  • Language of Communication: Nepali
  • Currency Used: Nepalese Rupees (NPR)
  • Time Zone: NPT (UTC +05:45)
  • Calling Code: +977
  • Drinkable Tap Water: No
  • Toilet: Local Latrine
  • Credit Use: Carry Nepalese Currency
  • Minimum Drinking Age: 18+
  • Permits: Sagarmatha National Park Permit
                    TIMS Card
  • Visa Requirement: Can be acquired at Tribhuvan International Airport More Info

Highlights of Everest Base Camp Trekking

Retracing the footsteps of Tenzing Norway and Sir Edmund Hillary and making it all way up to the Mount Everest Base camp is a feeling no words can ever describe. For many reaching up to the base camp to witness the splendid beauty of the mighty Everest is just a dream while many actually hit the path and still can’t make it all way up to the top. Hiking through the trail of Everest Base Camp will require strong determination, endurance, and physical strength. If you have a strong will, strength, and determination then you can surely enjoy the magnificence right before your eyes. Here are some of the major highlights of Everest Base Camp Trekking.

  • A magical flight to one of the world's most dangerous airports – Tenzing Hillar Airport of Lukla
  • Exploring the variety of flora and fauna. If you are lucky enough you can also see some of the endangered species like the red panda, snow leopard, deer, etc.
  • Walking in the shadows of the Himalayas like Mt. Everest, Mt. Pumori, Nuptse, Lhotse, Thamserku, and so on
  • Being one with the Sherpa locals and enjoying their warm hospitality while exploring their culture and tradition tightly woven with Mt. Everest.
  • Stroll through the highest altitude town of Namche Bazaar.
  • Walking past the Khumbu glacier and ice falls.
  • Reaching the Kalapatthar and witnessing the first ray of light hitting the top of Everest.

How long is the Everest base camp trek?

Many beginner trekkers who have just started planning of Everest base camp trek, have the question; How long does it take to trek Everest Base Camp? The standard Everest base camp trekking usually lasts for 12 to 14 days. However, the trekking length can be extended or shortened based on the package and the cost you have paid for it. You can also shorten the journey by trekking and then flying back from Everest Base Camp. With this kind of package, you will not miss the fun of trekking to the most splendid place on earth. If you have an even shorter time then you can also go for one day Everest base camp helicopter tour but this kind of trip adds on extra expense than standard Everest base camp trekking.

Taking a Break after Long Day Hike

Trekkers taking a break after a long hike

The standard of Everest Base Camp Trek quite looks like the below:

Day 1: Welcome to Kathmandu

Day 2: Hinduism and Buddhism Excursion

Day 3: Fly to Lukla and hike to Phakding

Day 4: Trek to Namche Bazar

Day 5: Explore Namche Bazar | Hike to Everest View Hotel

Day 6: Trek to Tengboche

Day 7: Hike to Dingboche

Day 8: Explore Dingboche

Day 9: Hike to Lobuche

Day 10: Reach Everest Base Camp

Day 11: Hike to Kalapatthar and Return to Pheriche

Day 12: Descend to Namche Bazaar

Day 13: Return to Lukla

Day 14: Fly Back to Kathmandu

Click Here for the Detailed Itinerary of the Everest Base Camp Trek

Trip Grade and What to Expect on a typical day on Everest Base Camp Trek?

Mount Everest Base Camp Trekking is marked as moderate trekking. This means that you will have to walk for around 6 to 8 hours a day. This trekking period is determined for a long day which begins with breakfast in the early morning, followed by hiking as well as a lunch break for 1 – 2 hours until we reach our destination for the overnight stay in the evening.

The trails on this trekking are considered to be one of the finest trekking routes. As you land on Lukla, you will be hiking on the rough trails with an uneven surface, which gradually ascend and descends with a snake way all the way up to the base camp. As you begin your hike you will be gradually exposed to the high-altitude environment with a cool breeze of air blowing continuously. Most travelers, choose the time of autumn and spring for the voyage to Everest Base Camp. This is because of the calm weather and fairly clear blue skies which lets you enjoy the trip to the fullest. However, cold rain and the snowy, hot sun can be expected during this time as well and should be prepared accordingly.

The elevation profile for the Everest Base Camp trekking varies drastically. As you land at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu having an elevation of 1400 meters it goes to the elevation of 2860 meters at Tensing Hillary Airport – the gateway to the Everest Region. Beginning your trek here the trekking reaches all the way up to Gorakshep at 5164 meters which is the highest settlement on this trek and goes all the way up to 5555 meters i.e., Kalapatthar, which is the final destination in Standard Everest Base Camp Trekking. The trail oscillates between these two elevations.

A standard base camp trekking last for 14 days including acclimatization day, however, it can be shorter or longer depending upon various packages and itineraries you have chosen. Apart from the tour length, and trekking trail, the other thing you need to take care of is what you are carrying. It is better to carry the important stuff. You can also have a porter who will carry you all the heavier items leaving you only with the smaller day pack. The day pack may include items like a camera, snacks, gear, and extra clothes for unexpected weather.

If you are wondering what a day trip would be like or what will you be doing on a typical day of trekking, here is a short guide which will help you visualize the trekking trip:

  • 06: 00 AM – Waking up, wash your face, and prepare your day pack
  • 06: 30 AM – Breakfast in the Guest House
  • 07: 30 AM – Trekking to the destination as per the Itinerary
  • 11: 30 AM – Lunch Break for 45 – 60 Minutes
  • 12:30 PM – Resume your day hiking with the occasional break in between
  • 04: 00 PM – Reach our destination and settle into the guest house/tea house
  • 05: 00 PM – Rest at the tea house or go explore the settlement
  • 06: 30 PM – Dinner at Guest House

This is the overall information for what you can expect on a typical day of Everest base camp trekking and also the physical strength you require to reach your dream destination. With this, you will have a clear idea of what the trekking day will look like and how you can prepare physically and mentally to accept the challenge thrown at you while trekking to the Everest Base Camp.

Everest Base Camp Trek Cost

The total cost of Everest Base Camp Trekking depends on various factors. The major factor to determine the actual cost is to know whom you are trekking with, what is the duration of trekking and mostly how you spend your money.

Various companies and travel agencies have come up with various price segments for the same number of trekking days. Usually, the cost of an Everest Base Camp Trek with a local agency begins from USD 1200 and goes up based on the services and facilities they provide. This price does not include your travel insurance and international airfare to and from Nepal. However, this price covers all the air tickets to and from Lukla, accommodation, food, guide, porters, and permit fees.

Here We have listed some of the major costs you have to pay on the Everest Base Camp trek if you are traveling independently.

  • Flight Ticket to Lukla: Avg. USD 170 One Way (Can go higher or lower based on the season you are traveling.
  • Hiring Guide: USD 35 to 40
  • Hiring Porter: USD 25 to 30
  • Accommodation: USD 10 to 15
  • Food and Meal: USD 5 to 10
  • Sagarmatha National Park Permit: USD 35
  • Local Government Fee: USD 30

Traveling in the high Himalayan region of Nepal comes with certain risks and uncertainties. It is better to have travel insurance for any unforeseen circumstance. Make sure to do the travel insurance before you show up in Nepal to have an amazing trek experience.

How hard is it to get to Everest Base Camp?

Everest base camp trekking is a moderate-level trekking journey to the foothill of the mighty Everest. This trekking is a multi-day trekking tour which is completely different from mountaineering. So, you will not require any mountaineering gear to trek in a standard EBC Trek.

If you are a beginner trekker without any previous trekking experience, you may have doubts that you might not be able to reach the base camp due to the difficult trekking trail. If you have such doubt then you don’t have to worry about anything. If you are physically fit and can hike 6 to 7 hours a day, then your dream of yours reaching the Everest Base Camp will come true.

Rocky trail of Everest Base Camp

Rocky Trail TO Everest Base Camp

On your voyage to Everest Base Camp, you will be hiking on uneven rocky terrain occasionally ascending and descending the hills. If you have set up your mind to conquer the base camp and have determination; then you will surely reach your dream destination without any issues.

During the Everest base camp trekking, one of the challenges is the weather condition. Weather in the Everest Region changes frequently. With the proper preparation and the right clothes to wear weather will not be an issue in reaching the Base camp.

Another important factor to be taken care of during Everest Base Camp trekking is Altitude Sickness. The highest point to reach during the Everest Base Camp Trek is Kalapatthar elevated at an elevation of 5545 meters above sea level. While hiking in such high-altitude regions it is common to get acute mountain sickness. However, if you take the proper time to acclimatize your body, regularly hydrate your body, and hike at a slow pace then Acute mountain sickness or altitude sickness can be avoided.

Everest Base Camp Trek Training Plan?

If you are physically and mentally fit, and ready for the trek even if you are still unsure because of the lack of trekking experience in the high-altitude environment. The power is in your hand to decide whether or not to be part of this electrifying adventure. Every year hundreds of novice trekkers make their way to this incredible adventure journey and successfully finished the trek without any issues. If you train your body 3 – 4 months prior to the actual trekking days, then reaching the base camp of Everest will be child’s play.

When it comes to training your body, it is better to start training three to four months ahead. Everest Trek is a moderate trekking area, so a basic training schedule will do the trek. Usually, you can go for light exercise like aerobics for an hour every day is sufficient to enjoy the EBC Trekking. Adding to the schedule you can Train for the hike, buy yourself hiking boots and schedule a 1-hour hike in your schedule for each day. You can hike and walk around your city which is very beneficial for your Everest trek. Always relax your mind while hiking and think of great things to do while you will be doing a trek. This could help you with Mental conditioning which will help you throughout your trek.

What should you carry for Everest Base Camp Trek?

The trip can associate from one and a half weeks to about fourteen days or more. The packing list relies a little upon which season you need to travel. In the event that you are wanting to travel in the colder time of year, you need to add a couple of more layers of garments. While for the stormy season, waterproof pressing pinion wheels are an absolute necessity.

Trekking in the high Himalayan areas of Nepal requires well-planned preparation. While preparing for your trekking days, many travelers are bound to get confused about the things they need to carry and what they don’t require. With very little knowledge about trekking trails, beginner trekkers find the planning task to be more daunting than the actual trek itself.

Everest Base Camp Trekking EquipmentTrekking Equipment for EBC Hike

So as to remove the confusion about what equipment they require, Himalayan scenery treks and Expedition has prepared a packing list that focuses on the most essential things trekkers require during trekking in Nepal. Following is the packing list which is applicable for both professional trekkers and novice trekkers who are willing to explore the beauty of Nepal on foot.

  • A good quality Pair of Boots for hiking
  • Trekking Poles
  • Pair of Shocks (Avoid cotton shocks)
  • Trekking Pole
  • Good Quality down jacket
  • Rain Jacket
  • GoreTex jacket with hood, waterproof and breathable
  • Hands Equipment:
  • 1 pair of lightweight poly liner gloves.
  • 1 pair of lightweight wool or fleece gloves
  • 1 pair of mittens, consisting of 1 GoreTex over mitt matched with a very warm polar-fleece mitt liner (seasonal)
  • Lower Body Equipment:
  • Non-cotton underwear briefs
  • 1 pair of Hiking shorts
  • 1 pair of Hiking trousers
  • 1 pair of lightweight thermal bottoms (seasonal)
  • 1 pair of fleece or woolen trousers
  • 1 pair of waterproof shell pants, breathable fabric
  • Water bottle
  • Water purifier
  • Dry foods
  • Essentials like permits, money, etc

Trekking the high Himalayan region like Everest requires to consist of a large list to be packed. Hence, you need a backpack of about 50 – 60 L that will be good enough to fit all the essential things you require during your trekking days. However, before heading to buy a backpack, it is always better to consult with the travel agency you are traveling to regarding your trekking days and requirements. Make sure that you buy a high quality that can withstand the harsh condition of the Everest Region.

Do I need a guide and porter for Everest Base Camp Trek?

Trekking to the high Himalayan region of Nepal comes with certain risks and uncertainties. If you are a beginner trekker with very little knowledge of the trekking trail, then it is always better to travel with an experienced trekking leader or guide. It does not mean that you cannot travel as an independent traveler. With enough research and preparation, you can head on the trail to conquer the base camp of Everest independently yet the risk is higher.

While hiking on the trail of the Everest region, you will spend several days in the high-altitude region. Similarly, the extreme cold, frequent changes in weather conditions, difficult paths, and will be quite enduring for you. Moreover, the language barrier will seem to be a little downside for you. During the peak season, you will have a hard time finding accommodation, food, and a good room to rest.

Porters seen during Everest Base Camp Hike

Porters Carrying luggage of Trekkies 

At those difficult times having a professional guide will be a huge help. A well-experienced guide will make your trip without you having to worry about the accommodation, food, and other facilities during your trekking days. Hiring a local agency for the Everest Base Camp trekking will be a plus point as they will pre-plan the trip and make everything available to you at your hand. They will manage all the things like trekking permits, flight tickets, transportation as well as emergency evacuation (if required) so you can just relax and enjoy the trip to Everest.

What to Eat on Everest Base Camp Trek?

Everest Base Camp Trek is one of the most difficult and energizing journeys. You should be exceptional with the right cogwheels and empowered with the right eating regimen for the difficult off-beaten path climbing. Getting a lot of diets or fewer eating regimens will straightforwardly affect the climb. On the off chance that you are eating excessively, your body will feel hefty making it difficult to travel. What's more, on the off chance that you are eating too less you won't get the necessary measure of energy. In this way, you need to study and plan the best way to keep up your eating routine while traveling. What kind of food you will get during your trip, what sort of food is accessible and what is beneficial for you? You need to design everything as it so happens.

Refueling your body after a hectic trek is essential. There are a lot of food choices during your journeying days to Mount Everest Base Camp. The vast majority of the tea houses and hotels will give you a lot of choices to look over. Indeed, while climbing through the path to arrive at the base camp; you will have entirely unexpected suppers consistently.

Below are some of the food options you should and you shouldn’t consume during the Everest Base Camp Trek.

DAL BHAT: Dal Bhat is one of the most consumed food in Nepal. This food is rich in carbohydrates which is essential for your body after a long day of the hike. This is a traditional Nepal meal consisting of rice, lentil soup commonly known as dal, pickles, and seasonal vegetables. Meat curry is also available as an option however you need to consult the trek leader before consuming meat items.

MEAT: The meat accessible here isn't clean and might be unsafe to burn through. The meat is essentially shipped from the lower height on the plane because of which the meat accessible here is in any event 2 to 3 days old. Subsequently, remember to eat the new and sterile food you need to stay away from meat.

Alcohol and Caffeine: Liquor, cigarettes, caffeine, and medicine like resting pills are the factor that helps the odds of getting the elevation ailment. In the event that you are going at a higher elevation, you ought to limit the utilization of liquor, cigarettes, and drugs as the utilization of these things at a high height will build the chance of parchedness. You can drink and smoke a lot after you complete your journey and return to a lower height. Furthermore, on the off chance that you intend to drink and smoke you need more acclimatization for example around 48 hours. What's more, on the off chance that you make some short memories for your trip it's best not to devour any liquor or meds.

Water: Drinking water is vital to evade AMS at a higher height. Air at a higher elevation is then analyzed at a lower height which implies you will get less oxygen while breathing so if you admit water you can get enough oxygen for your body. Remaining hydrated is something you need to remember during your journey to a higher height.

Altitude Sickness in Everest Base Camp Trek

When you go above 2500 meters, then certain alterations can be seen in your body due to the change in oxygen level. The bodies try to adapt to the sudden change in the oxygen level because of which certain symptoms of Altitude Sickness can be seen. This altitude sickness symptom can take a day or a week of acclimatization to disappear. These symptoms of Acute Mountain Sickness also known as AMS, should not be ignored. If ignored then the consequences are severe, in the worst case, you may even lose your life. So, while planning to trek in the high Himalayan region like Everest Base Camp trekking, it is better to have a well-planned itinerary to minimize the risk of getting Acute Mountain Sickness.

Here are the common symptoms of AMS:

  • Headache
  • Tiredness
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Loss of appetite/nausea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough
  • Palpitation
  • Swelling of the hands and face

Learn More: How To Avoid Altitude Sickness?

What is the best time to trek Everest Base Camp?

When it comes to trekking in the Everest Region, you must consider the weather condition most favorable for you. Everest base camp hike is possible throughout the year, however, it is important to choose the favorable weather which best fits your personality and the surrounding you want to be in.

From all the seasons, the best time for an Everest base camp hike is considered to be from after late May to mid of September which is monsoon season. From late September to November and February to May is the main trekking season. During this time, the weather is in stable condition, with good visibility while the temperature reaches – 4 degrees Celsius at the base camp. You can enjoy the nature and beautiful panorama of the Himalayas however the crowded trails will be quite daunting.

Himalayan Scenary

Himalayan Scenary