Nepal, a country tugged between the highest Himalayas in the world, wild valleys, and plain land. This county is the symbol of peace and home to the light of Asia Gautam Buddha, Sita, and many more historical legends.

Nepal is a multilingual, multicultural, and multi-religious county with its own values and norms. Filled with diverse landscapes this country is the best destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers. Nepal welcomes thousands of travelers every year for adventure trekking, adrenaline sports, and, many adventure activities. Most of the people visit Nepal, for hiking to the Base Camp of the world's highest Peak, Mt. Everest.

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Trekking through the region of Everest opens a much larger perspective of getting closer to nature. It’s the dream adventure of most people, however, hiking through the trail to Everest base camp is not easy as it looks. Climbing to the base of the world's highest peak requires certain preparation and dedication. However, seeing how peoples craze to experience the magnificence of the Everest, Himalayan Scenery Treks have prepared the 12 Dos and Don’ts for Successful Trekking to the height of Everest Base Camp.

Pre-Train Your Body Before Your Trekking

If you want to live your dream of seeing the world's highest peak Mt. Everest, right before your eyes; then pre-training of your physical strength is the most. Trekking to the foothill of the world's highest peak is a strenuous uphill climb that takes your physical strength to the extreme. The high altitude and steep uphill climb make the trip a worst nightmare if you are not well prepared.

Despite our journey is the Khumbu region which involves high altitude highking, the trekking voyage is marked non-technical; i.e. one doesn’t require any experience of highking in high altitude region. However, you need to pretrain your body prior to your actual trekking date. 3 – 4 months of simple physical exercise will be sufficient to enjoy the trip to Everest to the fullest. But if you don’t prepare your body to withstand the extreme brought by the high-altitude hiking, then you are only keeping your life at risk as well as compromising other people’s safety as well.

Extra Tips: Train for the hike, buy yourself hiking boots, and schedule a 1-hour hike in your schedule for each day. You can hike and walk around your city which is very beneficial for your Everest trek. Always relax your mind while hiking and think of great things to do while you will be doing a trek. This could help you with Mental conditioning which will help you throughout your trek.

Hydration is the Key to Successful Trek - Take Break to Rehydrate

Continuously hydrating your body is the key to a successful voyage to Mount Everest Base Camp. Hiking in the higher altitude region consumes way more energy than expected. As the air at the higher altitude region is thin, making it harder to breathe; which leads to altitude sickness. Drinking 2 to 4 liters of water a day will significantly reduce the chance of getting acute mountain sickness (altitude sickness) while improving your body’s recovery time. Frequent hydration helps your body to get enough oxygen. So, while trekking to the foothills of Everest; never forgot to hydrate your body.

Rehydrating your body for Everest

Note: Never drink the water directly from the source or tap as the water may my contaminated and make you unable to continue this amazing journey. Always make sure you purify the water before you drink. Taking purification tablets, chlorine solution, etc. with you will help you stay healthy as well as save money.

Consume Carbohydrate

Everest Base Camp trekking is a beautiful trekking journey to the laps of the World's Highest Peak, Mt. Everest (8848 meters). Despite its beauty, reaching the goal is not easy. Just to have a glimpse of the might Everest standing tall behind the never-ending blue sky requires dedication and a lot of energy.

Carbohydrate is a rich source of calories. Consuming food rich in carbohydrates and other nutrients provides sufficient energy for your body, making a lot easier for your hiking journey. So, make sure to consume food with high carbohydrates, which is essential for trekking at higher altitudes.

Get the proper gear

Travelers are often seen confused about what to bring and what not to? Selecting the proper gear for trekking will be a daunting part than actual trekking if the traveler doesn’t have the proper knowledge of the required equipment. Selection of the right gear will make the trip joyful however the wrong gear makes the journey a worst nightmare. Having poor knowledge about the trekking destination results in a doubtful selection of the tour equipment because of which trekkers face difficulties during the trekking days.

All the necessary trekking equipment required for the trip to Everest Base Camp can be rented or bought in Kathmandu or Lukla. However, be aware of the fake local product sold at much cheaper. The fake product doesn’t match the standard of the trekking, and hence you’re your trip difficult. You can consult the local guide or company you are doing the trip, before buying any equipment to make sure that that product you purchased is up to the standard.

Gear Up For Everest Base Camp Trekking

Himalayan Scenery Treks and Expedition, has made the list of some of the most essential equipment required for Everest Base Camp Trekking you shouldn’t forget if you are planning your next tour in the Everest Region.

Travel Equipment

  • Heavy-duty duffel bag (100 liters; no wheels or rigid handles)
  • Lightweight, stowable duffel bag
  • Luggage locks
  • Luggage tags
  • Passport/money belt
  • Wicking, quick-dry boxers or briefs
  • Synthetic or wool T-shirt
  • Long-sleeve, travel-friendly shirt
  • Lightweight, travel-friendly pants
  • Casual shoes
  • Midweight wool or synthetic socks

Trekking Equipment

  • Day pack (25–35 liters)
  • Waterproof Pack cover
  • Sleeping bag comfortable to 0°F (dependent upon season, weather forecast and personal preference)
  • Waterproof hiking boots
  • Camp shoes (down booties or running shoes)
  • Trekking poles
  • Trekking Clothing
  • Heavyweight long underwear bottoms
  • Heavyweight long underwear top
  • Midweight fleece or soft-shell jacket (2)
  • Midweight down or synthetic parka with hood
  • Convertible hiking pants
  • Fleece pants or insulated pants
  • Midweight fleece gloves or wool gloves
  • Sun hat
  • Glacier sunglasses
  • Neck gaiter, balaclava, Buff or bandana

Personal Items

Many of the following items are optional; tailor the list to suit your personal needs.

  • Water bottles (two 1-liter or one 1-liter + hydration reservoir)
  • Spare camera battery and charger
  • Spare camera memory card
  • Camping pillow
  • Camp towel
  • Insect repellent
  • Hand and toe warmers
  • Cash (Nepalese rupees and U.S. dollars in small denominations)
  • Local SIM card for cell phone (purchase in Nepal)

Toiletries

Many of the following items are optional; tailor the list to suit your personal needs.

  • Toothbrush (travel size)
  • Toothpaste (travel size)
  • Toilet paper
  • Personal wipes
  • Women’s hygiene items
  • Hand sanitizer
  • Sunscreen (SPF 30 or higher)
  • Lip balm (SPF 30 or higher)
  • Biodegradable soap
  • Skin lotion
  • Spare eyeglasses or contact lenses
  • Non-prescription medications (pain reliever/fever reducer, antibiotic ointment, allergy treatment, etc.)
  • Prescription medications; medications for traveler’s diarrhea, altitude sickness
  • Learn More about Everest Base Camp Trek Packing List.

Make Way to Yak and Cattles

While trekking to the crowned Himalayas of Everest Region, you will encounter many porter yaks, donkeys, and cattle on the way. When you encounter the domesticated yak and cattle’s you need to be more careful to minimize the risk of getting injured. Never stay in the way of these animals. Every season at least one tourist dies while several get injured because they get too close to these large horns animals due to which they get knocked off of the cliff and bridges. So always make sure you never get close to these packs of animals. If the way is narrow and you have nowhere to go, you should scramble up the hillside of the trail and wait until the way is clear.

Give the way to Yak and Donkeys

Hire a local guide / Agency

Mountains are unpredictable, and the worst thing happens to those who choose to travel alone. It is better to have someone with you who can provide you the reliable information about the place. Trekking with the local agency or guide will surely add value to your trip. Traveling to the beautiful valley of the high Himalayas is surely magical however the beauty can sometimes push you into unpredictable situations. In such cases having a local guide and agency will ease things a lot. In addition, traveling in high altitudes has always a risk of altitude sickness. Having a guide with you will help you treat altitude sickness or anything bad happens to you in mountains. Whereas Government-certified local agencies are always ready to rescue from the mountain if your health is at risk. So, having a guide helps you know better about the surrounding, tradition, culture and at the time of need, they will even save your life.

Avoid Drugs and Alcohol

Liquor, cigarettes, caffeine, and prescription like dozing pills are the factor which helps the odds of getting the altitude sickness. In the event that you are going at a higher altitude, you ought to limit the utilization of liquor, cigarettes, and meds as the utilization of these things at high altitudes will expand the chance of dehydration. You can drink and smoke after you complete your journey and return at a lower altitude. Furthermore, if you intend to drink and smoke you need more acclimatization for example around 48 hours. Also, in the event that you make some short memories for your trip, it's best not to consume any liquor or prescriptions.

Don’t Rush during Everest Trekking

Traveling through the woods with a great perspective of the mighty Himalayas will make you so enthusiastic that you want to reach the base camp as soon as possible. The first day of trekking seems quite easy yet blisters, painful knees, and fatigue are yet to come. If you go running up the hills during the trek, then it is sure that you will run straight into the consequences. Rushing and reaching first at the trail will not win you any prizes. Rushing will overstress your body and expose you to the risk of altitude sickness. But taking things slow while making frequent stops to rehydrate your body creates a chance to enjoy those magical Himalayas where you can take photos. Also going slow gives you the opportunity to talk to the local residence, listen to tales of the mountains as well as know their culture and way of living. Conclusively, taking things slow and steady is the key to have the most joyful journey to the base of the mighty peak Everest.

People Resting after a long walk Everest Trek Nepal

Don’t Underestimate Altitude Sickness

As per the statics released by the Nepal Tourism Board, yearly 7 – 8 people die during the trip to classic Everest Base Camp. Sometimes it's purely bad luck of the traveler; some slips of the cliff and some are pushed by the animals. However, most of the people die in this epic trail due to the failure to recognize the symptoms of Altitude Sickness. It's one of the common things in high altitude trekking. Altitude sickness has nothing to do with the fitness or the experience you have in high altitude trekking. It can happen to anyone. If you neglect the early symptoms then it will surely cost your life. During your legendary trekking in Everest Base Camp, take enough time to acclimatize your body. Slowly climbing to a high-altitude region and taking time for acclimatization helps your body to adopt the high-altitude region; henceforth significantly reduces the chance of getting altitude sickness. Even after adopting these necessary precautions, if the symptoms of altitudes sickness appear; stop climbing and head to a lower altitude as soon as possible.

Avoid the Consumption of Meat

If you are to eat unhygienic meat it may degrade your health condition increases the chances of getting altitude sickness. So, during the Everest base camp trek, it is best if you avoid meat consumption so that you could prevent yourself from getting altitude sickness. The meat available here after Namche Bazaar is not hygienic and may be harmful to your body. The meat available after Namche Bazaar are 3 - 4 days old. This is due to the lack of transportation facilities in this region, because of which meat is transported through donkeys from Tenzing Hillary airport. So while trekking to the Everest Base Camp trekking, having a vegan meal will help you complete your trip without any complication. 

Don’t forget to Acclimatize

While trekking at a high altitude you must consider taking enough rest even it may delay the itinerary. Never rush while gaining altitude, air at high altitude is thin this may cause heavy breathing and it hurts while breathing heavily due to lack of air in your lungs. The more you rush there is more chance you will be affected by altitude sickness.

Take time to acclimatize and enjoy the beauty of Mount Everest

Travel Insurance

Whenever we travel, we always do travel and medical insurance. But while on a hiking trip to the Everest Base Camp, regular insurance doesn’t cover the risk you will face in high altitude mountainous areas. For trekking in Everest Base Camp Trekking requires special travel insurance.

Trekking in the high-altitude mountain terrain, one is always at a mercy of nature. There is always a chance of a landslide, mudslide, or avalanche occurring which may result in vital for one’s life. In the worst case, one may lose their life as well. Climbing a peak is riskier and has a high threat to one’s life. During your trek, bad weather and low visibility may play spoilsport making your way journey impossible to carry on further.

Moreover, trekking in the high altitude rough terrains may also occur afflictions like a sprained ankle or even broken leg, appendix ruptures, hypothermia, skin infection, and respiratory infection. If any of this misfortune happens to you, then it should be treated on time. If left untreated then you may even lose your life. If any of the above-mentioned affliction happens to you at a higher altitude, then you don’t want to spend the day or a week trekking back to the city. In such case evacuation by air is necessary which may cost a minimum of USD 5,000 exclusive of hospital treatment or in-flight medical service. This will not only keep your life in danger but will end up costing your health as well as your bank account.

Mount Everest Base Camp Trekking is the journey to a Himalayan oasis worth remembering life long. Trekking to the lap of might Himalayas is possible throughout the year and has something new to offer. Making a proper prior to actual trekking will help you enjoy the serenity of the Everest base camp to the fullest.

Have you enjoyed knowing about Mount Everest Base Camp Trekking? If yes, you may also be interested in the following article as well

  1. Where is Mount Everest Located?
  2. Mount Everest Base Camp Packing List: Complete Equipment Guide 
  3. The Tales of Mount Everest Base Camp Trekking illustrated in Photographs
  4. Everything You Need to Know About Classic Everest Base Camp Trekking